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THE EFFECT OF ELECTORAL MALPRACTICE ON THE PERFORMANCE OF POLITICAL OFFICE HOLDER: (A CASE STUDY OF ABAJI AREA COUNCIL OF THE FCT)

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 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 71 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis,abstract, table of content, references ::   133 people found this useful

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CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

Electoral malpractices are one of the negative pigments affecting the effective performance of our political office holders. Election is the activity through which our political office holders are elected into different political office in our country. These offices include the office of the president, governors, senators, house of assembly both in the federal, state and local government levels (Bamisaye, O.A & Awofeso, O. 2011). Due to the important role which elections plays, its usefulness cannot be overemphasized in modern day democratic dispensation, but however, some politicians do not play polities according to the rules and regulations guiding elections in Nigeria, nowadays politician see elections as a “do or die affair”. This act leads to bribery, and cheating in the electoral system, and to them, this is the shortest way to get into power, because of the result of electoral malpractices or misconducts (Dauda, O & Aindime, S. 2007). People who are not qualified or know little or nothing about leadership, find their way into power in Nigeria particularly in Abaji area council of the FCT to be specified. This act has done no good to the average Nigerian today. Unequaled person find their way into government with little or known respect for the needs, demands and interest of the common citizen (Ebirim, S.I. 2013). This could be attributed to that process to power without following the due process. They tend to be self seeking and only aim to better their lots.

Today, presently Nigeria still remains under developed in West Africa furthermore. It is a theatre of endless conflict civil strafe and gross human right abuse, it is fair to say that what the country have been able to pass from one generation to another includes poverty, unemployment, system corruption, nepotism, tribalism to mention but a few; today the fight or war against electoral or election malpractices have became the fight to all, be and for all.

1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

Despite the measure taken by various groups, individual and non government organizations (NGOs) to educate the Nigeria population on the effects of electoral (misconducts) malpractices on the effectiveness of political office holders, the rate of electoral malpractice is still on the increase, this can be attributed to gross mis-educated, some people are still the effect of electoral malpractice. This is one of the reasons why electorates still, collect bribe to vote for and also vote for candidate because they have collected bribe from which could be in cash, or items like salts, rice, magi etc. this is a clear indication that the electorates still lack some basic facts about the effects of electoral malpractice and therefore the fundamental solution to this national problem is massive electoral education of the general electorates.

This research is therefore to examine some of the effect of electoral malpractice on the performance of political office holders in Abaji area council of the FCT.

1.3 RESEARCH QUESTIONS

The following research questions have been formulated to guide the study.

  1. Does electoral misconduct affects the performances of political offices holders?
  2. Does the role electorate’s play increase the rate of electoral malpractice?
  3. Does illiteracy play any role in the increasing rate of electoral misconducts?
  4. Does the personality of an individual play any role in the reduction or increase of electoral malpractices?
  5. Does parental influence affect the choice of electorates during elections?

1.4 AIM AND OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

The main aim of the study is determine the effect of malpractice on the performance of political office holder. Other specific objectives of the study are:

  1. to determine the effects of  electoral misconduct on the performances of political offices holders
  2. To determine the role of the electorate’s on the  increase in the rate of electoral malpractice
  3. to determine the extent to which illiteracy play a role in the increasing rate of electoral misconducts
  4. to determine the effect of  personality of an individual in the reduction or increase of electoral malpractices
  5. to ascertain if parental influence affects the choice of electorates during elections

1.5 STATEMENT OF RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS

H0: personality difference does not influence electoral malpractice in Nigeria

H1: personality difference influences electoral malpractice in Nigeria

1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The knowledge of the effects of electoral malpractice would be beneficial to the general population (electorate) in Nigeria and Abaji area council of the FCT in particular. It is the joy of the researcher that any persons that have the opportunity to read this work will be further be enlightened to the effects of electoral malpractices. The researcher also feels that this study will be of benefit to those adult who have come up to the age of voting as stipulated by the constitution of Nigeria; furthermore, the result of the findings will be of help to the independent electoral commission, students, parents and other related electoral bodies.

1.7 SCOPE OF THE STUDY

The study on the effect of electoral malpractice on the performance of political holder is limited to the wards in abaji area council of the FCT, Abuja

1.8 LIMITATION OF STUDY

Financial constraint- Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).

Time constraint- The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.

1.9 DEFINITION OF CONCEPTS

The word electoral is derived from the word electorate. An electorate is a body of people allowed to vote in an election.     

Malpractice:

A wrongful act that the actor had no right to do, improper professional conduct, he charged them with electoral malpractice.

Corruption:

Mean dishonest or illegal behaviour by officials of people in position of power especially when they accept money in exchange for doing things for someone.

Political Office Holders:

These are people who hold political office especially through politics e.g. Members of House of Representatives, House of Assemble, Local Government Chairman, Governors, etc.

However, a definition of electoral integrity is outlined on the basis of democratic theory; following this electoral malpractice is define as the manipulation of electoral processes and outcomes so as to substitute personal or partisan benefit for the public interest.

 

 


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Paper Information

Format:ms word
Chapter:1-5
Pages:71
Attribute:Questionnaire, Data Analysis,abstract, table of content, references
Price:₦3,000
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