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AN ASSESSMENT OF NIGERIAN FOREIGN POLICY UNDER OBASANJO REGIME 2003-2006

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 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 72 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis,abstract, table of content, references ::   253 people found this useful

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CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUND OF STUDY

The history of Nigerian foreign policy since 1960 has constantly been changing; though the principles guiding her foreign relations remain the same. Nigerian leaders are largely responsible for these unstable external relations. Since Nigeria’s foreign policy is deeply rooted in Africa with strategic emphasis on political and economic cooperation, peaceful dispute resolution, and global nonalignment,2 Nigerian leaders also have their attention fixed on the successful implementation of these principles. However, the influence of personality on Nigeria’s relations with other countries cannot be totally ignored as different leaders adopt different styles in conducting external relations.

        Examining the personality of the leader both at the theoretical and practical levels is therefore important in understanding Nigeria’s foreign policy. Again, analysis of Nigeria’s foreign policy show that her leaders operate within four “concentric circles” of national interest. The innermost circle represents Nigeria’s own security, independence and prosperity and is centered on its immediate neighbours - Benin, Cameroon, Chad and Niger; the second circle revolves around Nigeria’s relations with its West African neighbors; the third circle focuses on continental African issues of peace, development and democratization; and the fourth circle involves Nigeria’s relations with organizations, institutions and states outside Africa. With this in mind, each Nigerian head of state or president work to ensure that no single part is defected in pursuing the country’s foreign policy. Evidences abound on how past Nigerian heads of state or presidents have worked within these four concentric circles.

        President Olusegun Obasanjo, at inauguration in May, 1999, inherited a nation with a battered image and without credibility externally. In his determination to regain Nigeria’s lost glory and re-integrate it to the civilized world, he engaged in a deft shuttle diplomacy across the major capitals of the globe. The president, during his extensive foreign trips, have addressed the UN, ECOWAS, the Group of 8 (G-8), Group 77 (G-77), the Commonwealth, African Union (AU) and EU.

        The nation has achieved significant gains through the regime’s shuttle diplomacy. Apart from the psychological relief following its re-integration and accommodations into the world affairs, Nigeria had assumed the leadership of several international organizations notably the ECOWAS, AU, and G-77. It had hosted very important international summits including those of the Commonwealth Heads of State and Government and the AU in 2004, the New Partnership for African Development (NEPAD) in 2005, and severally, the ECOWAS since 1999. The nation had also hosted the All Africa Games in 2004. Obasanjo had been the guest of honour to the UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in May 2004.6 All these imply that the international system has restored its confidence in Nigeria. The regime’s economic diplomacy also has yielded economic dividends for the nation. In addition to increased Development Finance Inflow (DFI) and foreign investments, the Paris Club had cancelled $18 billion (60%) of the nation’s over $30 billion external, a gesture, which signifies the Club’s confidence in the nation’s economy and credibility as an external debtor. Generally, Nigeria’s increasing profile in its foreign relations implies that the nation has regained its role as a leading player in multilateral politics and diplomacy.

1.2 STATEMENT OF RESEARCH PROBLEM

It can be said therefore that period covering 2003-2006 Nigeria’s foreign policy received a new turn in restoring the image of the country through a global shuttle diplomacy of President Olusegun Obasanjo Therefore, the focus of this present study is to examine the role played by President Olusegun Obasanjo in restoring the image of the country, analyse his foreign policy posture and give a critical appraisal of the success and failures in terms of domestic and international repositioning.

        The coming of President Olusegun Obasanjo and the various reforms which he embarked upon actually brought Nigeria out of the messy situation that Gen. Sani Abacha led the country into. For President Olusegun Obasanjo to have achieved such a feat in restoring the image of the country deserves scholarly attention. This study therefore aims to provide a critical appraisal of Obasanjo’s foreign policy with emphasis on his use of expatriates in the conduct of external relations; shifting of policy to accommodate China, India and other rising powers; reintegration of Nigeria into the African Union, the United Nations and other international organizations; and the revolution in domestic policies that favoured strategic repositioning of Nigerian economy

1.3 RESEARCH QUESTIONS

The research questions for the study are:

  1. How does the Nigeria’s foreign policy under President Olusegun Obasanjo from 2003 to 2006 look like focusing on his achievements and shortcomings?
  2. What is the relationship between Obasanjo’s shuttle diplomacy and the re-building Nigeria’s image as a regional power in Africa?
  3. To what extent does Obasanjo’s policy of partnership with the western power influence socio-economic development in Nigeria?
  4. What are the roles of the administration of President Olusegun Obasanjo in the promotion of security and peace-building in Africa?

1.4 AIM AND OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

The main aim of the study is to carry out an assessment of Nigeria foreign policy under Obasanjo Regime from 2003 to 2006. Other specific objectives of the study are:

  1.  to provide a detailed background to Nigeria’s foreign policy under President Olusegun Obasanjo from 2003 to 2006 focusing on his achievements and shortcomings
  2. to determine the relationship between Obasanjo’s shuttle diplomacy and the re-building Nigeria’s image as a regional power in Africa
  3. to determine the extent to which Obasanjo’s policy of partnership with the western power influence socio-economic development in Nigeria
  4. to determine the role of the administration of President Olusegun Obasanjo in the promotion of security and peace-building in Africa

1.5 STATEMENT OF RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS

H0: there is no significant relationship between Obasanjo’s shuttle diplomacy and the re-building Nigeria’s image as a regional power in Africa

H1: there is significant relationship between Obasanjo’s shuttle diplomacy and the re-building Nigeria’s image as a regional power in Africa

1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY

The study on assessment of Nigerian foreign policy under Obasanjo’s regime will be of immense benefit to the state and federal government of Nigeria; the study will also be an eye opener to other African nations as the findings of the study will help to re-affirm the bold attempt made by the democratic government under the leadership of President Olusegun Obasanjo to rebuild the lost image of Nigeria in the comity of nations by addressing the issues of corruption, debt and political tensions in the country. The study will also help in providing information on the domestic factors that influenced Nigeria’s foreign policy under President Olusegun Obasanjo from 2003 to 2006. Finally the study will contribute to the body of existing literature and knowledge in this field of study and provide a basis for further research

1.7 SCOPE OF STUDY

This study focuses on Nigeria’s foreign policy under the administration of President Olusegun Obasanjo from 2003 to 2006. 1.8 LIMITATION OF STUDY

The researcher is confronted with the problem of interpretation of the actions of President Olusegun Obasanjo as some of the policies initiated are still an on-ongoing process. Finally, there is the question of time and fund which may serve as impediments to this research. Nevertheless, these limitating factors will greatly be managed to make the research work more objective in its presentation

1.9 DEFINITION OF TERMS

Foreign policy: Foreign Policy is an American news publication, founded in 1970 and focused on global affairs, current events, and domestic and international policy.

 

REFERENCES

A. Gambari, Theory and Reality in Foreign Policy Making: Nigeria After the Second Republic, Atlantic Highlands, New Jersey: Humanities Press International, 1989, p.21.

 M. B., Ogunbanjo, ‘’Theoretical Perspectives on Nigeria Foreign Policy’’ Monograph Series, Department of Political Science and Sociology, Babcock University, Ilisan Remo, 2002, No. 2, p.2

A. Adebajo and A. R. Mustapha, eds. Gulliver's Troubles: Nigeria's Foreign Policy after the Cold War. Scottsville, South Africa: University of KwaZulu Natal Press, 2008.

A., Ogunsanwo, Nigerian Military and Foreign Policy, 1975- 1979 Unpublished Manuscript, University of Lagos Pol. Science Dept. 1980, pp 190-201.

U. B. Inamete, Foreign policy decision-making in Nigeria, Susquehanna University Press, 2001, Pp. 290-203 6. E. Okpokpo1999. The Challenges facing Nigeria's Foreign Policy in the Next Millenium African Studies Quarterly | Volume 3, Issue 3 | 2000, 3(2) P. 4.


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Paper Information

Format:ms word
Chapter:1-5
Pages:72
Attribute:Questionnaire, Data Analysis,abstract, table of content, references
Price:₦3,000
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