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NEWSPAPER COVERAGE OF BOKO HARAM CRISIS IN NIGERIA: A CASE STUDY OF DAILY TRUST AND DAILY TELEGRAPH

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 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 56 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis,abstract, table of content, references ::   88 people found this useful

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CHAPTER ONE

  1. INTRODUCTION

1.1   BACKGROUND OF STUDY

The primary functions of the mass media are to inform, educate, and entertain and also to enlighten. The various mass media (magazines, television, internet, newspapers, etc.) have the power to direct our attention towards certain issues and this is evident in the Agenda-Setting function of the mass media. Studies (Gadarian, 2010; James & Waldman, 2003; Okoro & Chukwuma, 2012; Ekwueme & Obayi, 2012) have shown that media coverage affects how the public learns, understands or thinks about an issue.

Gadarian‟s study has shown that the reaction of people to terrorist attacks is influenced by the tone of coverage of those attacks. Gadarian (2010) concludes that the emotional content, not simply the factual information in media reports, has a sizeable and statistically significant influence on attitudes. Subjects exposed to media reports with emotional content were more likely to support the use of military force, support spending on foreign policy, and approve of specific counter terrorist and foreign policies.

Studies in media framing (Nacos, 2007; Powell, 2011; Bruken, 2006; Chong & Druckman 2007; Nelson, Clawson & Oxley, 1997) continue to support the opinion that the media draw the public attention to certain topics and decide what people think about. These studies argue that the way in which news is presented, and the attributes used in the presentation, is a deliberate choice made by journalists.

Boystun, Gross & Resnik (2004, p.2) argue that the way media organize and media gatekeepers systematize and present the events

and the issues they cover, and the way audiences interpret what they are provided with, are products of media framing. Okoro & Odoemelam (2013, p.86) add that the act of framing shape perception of key events. Framing is a key concept in the study of press performance and regular assessment of this performance is necessary in order to determine its ramifications (Omojola, 2007).

        Journalism in Nigeria has continued to grow immensely in line with global trends despite strong infrastructural challenges. Communicating with a mass audience is not totally strange in Nigeria. As far back as 1859, the first newspaper Iwe Irohin made a triumphant emergence on the stage with the entrepreneurial but religious Henry Townsend. He had exploited the relatively high literacy rate in Abeokuta and its environs in South West Nigeria, to introduce a newspaper. From its rudimentary or crude stage, the newspaper grow rapidly. Even though the newspaper did not last for too long, it had made an important statement about the fact that newspaper should be published. Indeed, it became an encouragement to other newspapers which followed in quick succession.

1.2   STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

        Nigeria’s security challenges in this democratic setting, the greatest security challenge Nigeria is imposing impunity of terrorist activities of the Boko Haram. Since the media stands as a mid-man between government and the masses, the government should be able to listen to them. The challenge of the study could be that the government tends to ignore the information brought to them by the media and so they might lack the way to attack the Boko Haram in time before they strike just for the safety of the masses. Finally, several researches have been carried out but not even a single research has been carried out on newspaper coverage of Boko Haram crisis in Nigeria.

1.3   AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF STUDY

        The main aim of the study is to examine newspaper coverage of book Haram crisis. Other specific objective of the study includes;

  1. to determine the influence of newspaper coverage on Boko Haram crisis in Nigeria.
  2. to determine the factors affecting newspaper coverage of Boko Haram crisis in Nigeria.
  3. What is the extent to which newspaper coverage affects Boko Haram crisis in Nigeria?
  4. to proffer possible solutions to the problems.
    1. RESEARCH QUESTIONS               

1      What is the influence of newspaper coverage on Boko Haram crisis in Nigeria?

2      What are the factors affecting newspaper coverage of Boko Haram crisis in Nigeria?

3      What is the extent to which newspaper coverage affects Boko Haram crisis in Nigeria?

4      What are the possible solutions to the problems?

1.5   STATEMENT OF RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS

H0:    Newspaper coverage has no significant effect on Boko Haram crisis in Nigeria.

H1:         Newspaper coverage has a significant effect on Boko Haram crisis in Nigeria.

1.6   SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY

        The study on newspaper coverage of Boko Haram crisis will be of immense benefit to the entire Government and the media organizations in the sense that they can use the data generated from the study to plan for the containment of the spread of the crisis by Boko Haram. It will also enable the journalists to come out of their shell to show genuine concern and play defining role for the quick resolution of the matters. Finally, the study will contribute to the body of existing literature and knowledge to this field of study and basis for further research.

1.7   SCOPE OF STUDY

        The study on newspaper coverage of Boko Haram crisis is limited to Nigeria.

1.8   LIMITATION OF STUDY

Financial constraint- Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).

Time constraint- The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.

1.9   DEFINITION OF TERMS

Boko Haram:   A violent terrorist group that operates in the Northern part of Nigeria and has taken the lives of 100 of Nigerians

Crisis:      A time of intense difficulty or danger


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Paper Information

Format:ms word
Chapter:1-5
Pages:56
Attribute:Questionnaire, Data Analysis,abstract, table of content, references
Price:₦3,000
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