Our Archives

Call 08068929770 or 08122972656 for any enquiries.

Project Topic:

AN APPRAISAL OF THE DOCTRINE OF NON-INTERVENTION IN INTERNATIONAL LAW

Project Information:

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 56 ::   Attributes: Reviews ::   118 people found this useful

Project Body:

CHAPTER TWO

2.0     THE     DEVELOPMENT     OF     THE     PRINCIPLE     OF     NON-

INTERVENTION

2.1    Introduction

After the Second World War, it was the desire of the international community not to do anything which would rupture the stability, peace and security of the world or globe. For this reason, during the preparation of the United Nations Charter at Damberton Oaks, England, it was decided that, in as much as the member nations could seek for specific settlement of international disputes, some limitations were desirable under which circumstances, intervention should not be entertained by the United Nations.[1] One of the circumstances is, when the subject matter of a complaint is essentially within the domestic jurisdiction of a state2. That is to say, if the issue, problem or complaint is absolutely termed local; in which case the attention of the United Nations to the problem, issue or complaint is not necessary. This problem was even perceived during the operation of the League of Nations, which preceded the United Nations. 

In this chapter, the task is to define, trace the development and limitations which are placed on the principles of non-intervention. The idea of sovereignty of state shall be discussed and how it is interwoven with the concept and principle of non-intervention.

Lastly, the recent trends of the concept and principle of nonintervention will be discussed.

2.1.1 Meaning of Non-Intervention

Most writers on international law do not bother to define what nonintervention means. Rather, they try to define intervention. Therefore, the meaning of intervention defined in a positive way, will be the meaning of non-intervention in a negative way.

                           According to international law, the word intervention means

“interference with matters essentially, within the domestic jurisdiction of a state.”[2]To Hingorani, intervention means a “dictatorial interference in the affairs of another sovereign state.”[3] In another meaning, it is the use of force or threat of use of force for the purpose of getting support or otherwise of the country for which influence was exerted[4]. Non-Intervention may mean, restrain from exacting an act by use of force on another country, which has sovereign equality with others. Or, in another way it means restrain from act capable of denying or rupturing the idea of the principles of self-determination of a sovereign country[5].

According to Oppenhiem, intervention means, specifically “a

dictatorial interference by a state in the affairs of another state for the purpose of maintaining or altering the actual conditions of things.”[6]Stark defines Intervention as “act contrary to the will of the Victim State and must, by design or implication impair the political independence of that state.”[7]It is submitted that, the principle of non-intervention is a fundamental principle of contemporary international law, which prohibits not only armed

intervention but all direct and indirect intervention in the domestic affairs of a sovereign state. 

2.1.2 Historical Development of the Principle of Non-Intervention

Many authors, including Cobden[8], Mill[9], Kant11 and Mazinni12 had espoused the theory of non-intervention.Cobden, a Manchester businessman and subsequently a professional politician, wrote in 1935 and advocated an absolute adherence to non-intervention by Britain. In his estimation, Britain, being a manufacturing nation depended upon trade, needed peace as pre-requisite for meaningful trade. He did not ascribe to the view which perceived Britain as the carrier of schemes of universal benevolence, “as enforcer at the behest of the Almighty in every part of the globe”[10]or as the “gendarme whose office it was, gratuitously, to keep in order all the refractory nations of Europe”[11]He thus did not recognise humanitarian intervention as an exception to the doctrine of non-

intervention.

 


[1] See Preamble to the Statute: Charter of the UN Statute of the International Court of Justice, United Nations. New York (1945) p.3 2 Ibid.

[2] Nicaragua v. USA (1986) ICJ Report. Pp. 723-731 

[3] Hingorani, R.C., Modern international Law. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co., New Delhi Bombay Calcutta, 3rd Edition (1985) P. 303.

[4] Nicaragua v. USA (Supra) p. 728 

[5] Ibid. p. 731

[6] Oppenhiem, L. International Law.  Longman. (1952) Vol. 1.  p. 34.

[7] Stark, J.G. Introduction to International Law. Sweet & Maxwell, London, 9th Ed. (1984)  p. 99

[8] Vincent, R.J. Non-Intervention and International Order. University Press, (1974) p. 281

[9] Mills, J.S A Few Words on Non-Intervention. Reprinted from Fraser’s Magazine, December, 1859 In: Mills, Dissertations and Discussions Political, Philosophical and Historical, London (1875) Vol. 111.  Pp. 153-178 11Vincent, R.J. Non-Intervention and International Order. Op. Cit p. 281. 12 Ibid.

[10] Bright and Rogers, Speech to the House of Commons, June 5, 1855, Vol. 1, p. 51.

[11] Vincent, R.J. Non-Intervention and International Order. Op. Cit, p. 9.   15 Mills, J.S A Few Words on Non-Intervention. Op. Cit p. 153-178. 16 Ibid.  


Get The Complete Project »

Project Department:

MORE INTERNATIONAL LAW AND DIPLOMACY FREE UNDERGRADUATE PROJECT TOPICS AND RESEARCH MATERIALS

Instantly Share this Project On Social Media:

CLOSELY RELATED INTERNATIONAL LAW AND DIPLOMACY FREE UNDERGRADUATE PROJECT TOPICS AND RESEARCH MATERIALS

ECOWAS PROTOCOL ON FREE MOVEMENT AND TRANS BORDER SECURITY (Nigeria and Benin Republic)

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 67 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis,abstract, table of content, references  ::   150 engagements

ABSTRACT The study examined ECOWAS protocol on free movement and trans border security within Nigeria and Benin republic boarder. The study employed the survey design and the purposive sampling tech...Continue reading »

NIGERIAN MUSLIM WOMEN AND GENDER RIGHT An appraisal 2010 to 2017

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 67 ::   Attributes: Reviews on Authors works  ::   115 engagements

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY United Nations sets out as one of its goals to reaffirm faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person, in the...Continue reading »

THE PENAL RESPONSIBILITY AND SANCTIONS FOR VIOLATIONS OF INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIAN LAW

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 56 ::   Attributes: Reviews  ::   135 engagements

CHAPTER TWO CRIMES/BREACHES UNDER INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIANS LAW 2.0 INTRODUCTION A historical excursion into the origins or the law of warfare1, will reveal that one of the fundamental question...Continue reading »

A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF WIFES RIGHT TO MAINTENANCE IN ISLAMIC AND STATUTORY LAWS IN NIGERIA: A CASE STUDY OF ZARIA AND SABON-GARI COMMUNITIES OF KADUNA STATE

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 56 ::   Attributes: Reviews  ::   102 engagements

CHAPTER TWO 2.0 MARRIAGE UNDER ISLAMIC AND STATUTORY LAWS 2.1 Introduction Nikah in its primitive sense means carnal conjunction. Some have said that it signifies conjunction generally. Legally, i...Continue reading »

A CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF THE REGULATORY REGIMES OF THE PETROLEUM INDUSTRY IN NIGERIA

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 56 ::   Attributes: Reviews  ::   132 engagements

CHAPTER TWO HISTORICAL EVOLUTION, GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE REGULATORY REGIMES OF THE PETROLEUM INDUSTRY IN NIGERIA 2.1 Introduction Although the regulatory regime of the petroleum industry in N...Continue reading »

A CRITICAL APPRAISAL OF UNIFORM PERSONAL INCOME TAX SYSTEM WITHIN THE CONTEXT OF NIGERIAN FEDERALISM

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 56 ::   Attributes: Reviews  ::   142 engagements

CHAPTER TWO PERSONAL INCOME TAX JURISDICTION 2:1 INTRODUCTION The personal income tax is a dynamic phenomenon due to its use as an instrument of fiscal policy.1 By its nature, the controversy over w...Continue reading »

What are you looking for today?

TESTIMONIALS:

  • 1. Favour from Ui said "I must say a job well done...Thanx so much for being honest..I will surely introduce your platform to my friends...".
    Rating: Very Good
  • 2. Anderson from ABU said "thank you so much for great delivery. God will continue to bless you business. your website will always gain favour and growth from God...thank you".
    Rating: Excellent
  • 3. Adegboyega from ridwan said ""i like the confidence you guys installed in me. i never knew there are still some good people in Nigeria; my job was delivered on time as promised ".
    Rating: Excellent
  • 4. Oreokuwa Seun from KSU said "thank you for delivering as promised. though there was a one day delay but I got my work and it has great quality. Thank you Mr Donald. Thank you miss love. God bless you".
    Rating: Very Good
  • 5. Danladi Isa from ABU said "thank you uniprojectmaterials.com, all I can say is thank you for being reliable. I appreciate.".
    Rating: Excellent
  • 6. Mohammad I. Musa from UNIMAID said "Thank you guys for your honesty, i will introduce my friends to uniprojectmaterials.com, May God bless your team....".
    Rating: Good

Paper Information

Format:ms word
Chapter:1-5
Pages:56
Attribute:Reviews
Price:₦3,000
Get The Complete Project »

Best Selling Projects

Our Archives