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IMPORTANCE OF PUBLIC INFRASTRUCTURE ON RURAL DEVELOPMENT

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 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 70 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis,abstract, table of content, references ::   283 people found this useful

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CHAPTER ONE

1.0 INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUND OF STUDY

Public infrastructural facilities play a significant role in the well being of the rural dwellers. The majority of Nigerians are rural dwellers. Though inadequacies of statistics make knowledge of actual rural - urban population distribution inexact, unadjusted projections still shows that Nigerians predominantly live in rural areas. Rural areas in Nigeria are unquestionably characterized by debilitating material poverty and alarming decadence of infrastructure, arising from a long period of sad neglect by policy makers. The central place of public infrastructure in development efforts need not be overemphasized. Indeed, rural infrastructures constitute the substance of rural welfare and progress.

 Idachaba (2005) reminds us that efforts to raise rural welfare must necessarily go beyond the traditional and limited approach of raising per capita income through agricultural development projects, to the provision of rural basic needs: health and medical facilities, rural transportation facilities, electricity, pipe-borne water and schools. Beyond their roles as producers and sources of food and materials for urban dwellers, the rural dweller must be recognized, appreciated and entitled to good things of life like his urban counterpart. Successive governments in Nigeria recognized this fact, even if they did little beyond lip service in addressing this problem.

To illustrate this fact, the Guidelines for Ute Fourth National Development Plan avert that: In the past, there was a tendency to measure economic performance in terms of such aggregates as the GDP etc. Though it is easy and convenient to do so, it is clear that such indices do not. Tell the whole story. The common man is more interested in such things as the availability of drinking water, housing units, medical facilities, educational facilities, good roads. etc;  such information provides a good criterion for measuring development (Guideline for Fourth National Development Plan, 1981 -85:23). For all intents and purposes, rural infrastructures are very critical for rural development and other equally important national programmes. For example, Idachaba (1985) discloses that the National Accelerated Food Production Programme, the Operation Feed the Nation, the Green Revolution and other governmental development projects have had limited success in many areas because of very poor infra-structural support. In recognition thereof, the Federal and State Governments have variously made commitments in this direction. A good example is found in the Third National Development Plan where the government declared that " efforts will be made to enhance the quality of life in the rural areas through the provision of basic social amenities such as health centres, pipe-borne water, feeder roads and electricity (Vol. 1:292). The trend in government official position remains the same, even if these come to mere rhetorics and soapbox stunts. By virtue of the provisions of the 1379 and 1999 Constitutions of the Federal Republic of Nigeria most aspects of the rural infrastructures are on the Concurrent Legislative Last." in which case, they are joint Federal, State and indeed, Local Governments' responsibility. At this point, it will be useful to shed light on the place of specific infrastructures in rural development. It is against this background that the researcher desired to examine the importance of public infrastructure on rural development in Nigeria using Etinan local government area, Akwa Ibom state as the case study.

1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

Infrastructure is the pivot behind the development processes of an economy. But the case is different in most of the rural communities in Nigeria. Most of the rural communities in Nigeria lack public infrastructures like good roads, access to pipe borne water, good health facilities and railways. The inability of the federal government of Nigeria to see to the provision of these infrastructures may have significant effect on rural development in Nigeria. Secondly there have been series of studies on infrastructure and rural development but not even a single study has been carried out on the importance of public infrastructure on rural development in Nigeria.

1.3 AIM AND OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

The main aim of the research work is to examine the importance of public infrastructure on rural development. Other specific objectives of the study are:

  1. to determine the relationship between public infrastructure and rural development
  2. to determine the effect of government policy on infrastructural development in rural areas in Nigeria
  3. to determine the extent to which public infrastructure has improved rural development in Nigeria
  4. to examine whether public infrastructure helps in control rural to urban migration in Nigeria
  5. to examine the need for public infrastructure in rural communities in Nigeria
  6. to proffer solution to the above problems

1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS

The study came up with research questions so as to ascertain the above objectives of the study. The research questions for the study are:

  1. What is the relationship between public infrastructure and rural development?
  2. What is the effect of government policy on infrastructural development in rural areas in Nigeria?
  3. To what extent has public infrastructure improved rural development in Nigeria?
  4. Have public infrastructural facilities help in control rural to urban migration in Nigeria?
  5. What is the need for public infrastructure in rural communities in Nigeria?

1.5 STATEMENT OF RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS

Hypothesis 1

H0: there is no significant the relationship between public infrastructure and rural development

H1: there is significant the relationship between public infrastructure and rural development

Hypothesis 2

H0: government policy has no significant effect on infrastructural development in rural areas in Nigeria

H1: government policy has significant effect on infrastructural development in rural areas in Nigeria

1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY

The study on the importance of public infrastructure on rural development will be of immense benefit to the rural areas in Nigeria in the sense that the study will educate the government (local, state and federal) on the need for public infrastructure in rural communities in Nigeria; the study will able to identify the challenges facing the establishment of public infrastructures in rural areas in Nigeria. The study will serve as a resource of information to other researchers that desire to carry out similar research on the above topic. Finally the study will contribute to the body of existing literature and knowledge in this field of study and provide a basis for further research

1.7 SCOPE OF STUDY

The study on the importance of public infrastructure on rural development will focus on Etinan local government area, Akwa Ibom State. The study will cover on the need for public infrastructure in rural communities in Nigeria; and the challenges facing the establishment of public infrastructures in rural areas in Nigeria.

1.8 LIMITATION OF STUDY

Financial constraint- Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).

Time constraint- The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work

1.9 DEFINITION OF TERMS

Public infrastructure: Public infrastructure is infrastructure that is owned by the public or is for public use

Rural area: a rural area or countryside is a geographic area that is located outside towns and cities

 


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Paper Information

Format:ms word
Chapter:1-5
Pages:70
Attribute:Questionnaire, Data Analysis,abstract, table of content, references
Price:₦3,000
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