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THE EFFECT OF FAMILY BACKGROUND ON THE RATE OF MONEY MARRIAGE IN OBANLIKU L.G.A, CROSS RIVER STATE

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 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 67 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis,abstract, table of content, references ::   29 people found this useful

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CHAPTER ONE

  1. INTRODUCTION

1.1   BACKGROUND OF STUDY

The fundamental basis of marriage is defined as a personal association between a man and a woman and a biological relationship for mating and reproduction. In some communities, the institution of marriage has been freed from the many customs, ceremonies and additional expenditures of olden times and it is so pathetic that some are still bounded by the norms and tradition of the community which therefore gives the freedom of exchanging their daughters for money that they don’t have, at times going as far as booking for the child even when she is not yet born and when she is born and of the age range that they need, she will be handed over to the man that she was betrothed to.

Bertrand Russell has beautifully summarized contemporary trends in the institution of marriage in the following words. It is therefore, possible for a civilized man and woman to be happy in marriage, although if this is to be the case, a number of conditions must be fulfilled.

There must be a feeling of complete equality on both sides; there must be no interference with mutual freedom; there must be the most complete physical and mental intimacy; and there must be a certain similarity in regard to standards of values. (It is fatal, for example, if one values only money, while the other values only good work.) Given all these conditions, marriage is one the best and the most important relationship that can exist between two human beings. If it has not often been realized hitherto, that is chiefly because the husband and wife have regarded themselves as each other’s policeman. If marriage is to achieve its possibilities, husbands and wives must learn to understand that whatever the law may say, in their private lives they must be free.

(Russell, 2009). Radcliffe-Brown and Daryll Forde describe in their book African Systems of Kinship and Marriage a marriage is essentially a rearrangement of social structure. What is meant by social structure is any arrangement of person in institutionalized relationships. By a marriage certain existing relationships, particularly, in most societies, those of the bride to her family, are changed.

New social relations are created, not only between the husband and the wife, and between the husband and the wife’s relatives on the one side and between the wife and the husband’s relatives on the other, but also in a many great societies, between the relatives of the husband those of the wife, who, on the two sides, are interested in the marriage and in the children that are expected to result from it.

Marriages, like births, deaths or initiations of puberty, are rearrangements of structure that are constantly recurring in any society; they are moments of the continuing social process regulated by custom; there are institutionalized ways of dealing with such events. (Radcliffe- Brown and Daryll Forde, 2000). Money marriage therefore takes place with or without the consent of the child; in that her opinion is not sorted rather the transaction is with her family and the “groom”

All the conditions and circumstances in the family which influence the child physically, intellectually and emotionally can be referred to as family background Muola (2010). Most children coming from different family backgrounds are affected differently by such family conditions, that is why some children have good family background while some have poor background. Citing fleege, Eke (2009) noted that with some families, the background way vary from time to time for the same individuals. Family is the first social environment the child finds itself. According to Clifford (2001) family remains the primary environment of the child.

The author emphasized that family environment has more chances of increasing or decreasing the intellectual achievement of the child. Akubue and Okolo (2008), defined family as a small kinship structural group with the key function of natural socialization of the new born. Similarly, in Okunniyi (2004), family is defined as a primary social group of parents, offspring and possibly other members of the household.

1.2   STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

The institution of marriage is as old as the creation of man. It is the coming together of two persons in love with consent of parents, guardians and witnesses for the purpose of procreation and companionship. Marriage is expected to be an affair of intimacy and compromise, where spouses complement each other. It is also expected to be “for better and for worse”. In today’s world, the essence of marriage is no longer what it was supposed to be this is because some communities take it up as one of the available trade for their means of survival. This could be due to the poverty level of the family involved, it could also be that they were involved in debt that they were unable to refund which on the day of collection of the money certain agreement was made which might be the giving out of their daughter to them for marriage and when that time comes, they have to do as they had said if actually they could not meet up with the payment. It could also be that it is one of the norms and traditions of the land which might be that any man can marry any person they want to whether born already or about to. Finally, several research has been carried out on family background, but not even a single research has been carried out the effect of family background on the rate of money marriage in Obanliku L.G.A, Cross River state.

 

 

 

1.3   AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF STUDY

The main aim of the study is to determine the effect of family background on the rate of money marriage. Other specific objectives of the study include;

  1. to determine the extent to which tradition influence the rate of money marriage.
  2. to determine the factors affecting money marriages in cross River state.
  3. to determine the economic importance of money marriages in cross river state.
  4. to determine relationship between family background and money marriages in cross river state.
  5. to proffer possible solution to the stated problems.

1.4   RESEARCH QUESTIONS               

  1. What is the extent to which tradition influence the rate of money marriage?
  2. What is the factors affecting money marriages in cross River state?
  3. What is the economic importance of money marriages in Cross river state?
  4. What is the relationship between family background and money marriage in cross river state?
  5. What are the  possible solutions to the stated problems?

 

1.5   STATEMENT OF RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS

H0:   Family background has no significant effect on the rate of money marriage in obanliku L.G.A of cross River State.

H1:      Family background has a significant effect on the rate of money marriage in obanliku L.G.A of cross River State.

1.6   SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY

The study on the effect of family background on the rate of money marriage will be of immense benefit to the entire people of Obanliku L.G.A of Cross River State in the sense that it will educate them on how precious their daughters are and so they are not supposed to give out their daughters in marriage in exchange for an unreasonable reason. The government will also be enabled as a reason of this study to create an avenue where they can create an awareness to the entire citizen of Obanliku local government area and the nation as a whole to attach great value to their daughters no matter the difficult situation they might encounter in their family and also for this awareness to be effective they government have to abolish the law and traditions that bounded the act and make defaulters punishable.

1.7   SCOPE OF STUDY

The study on the effect of family background on the rate of money marriage is limited to Obanliku L.G.A of Cross River state.

1.8   LIMITATION OF STUDY

Financial constraint- Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).

Time constraint- The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.

1.9   DEFINITION OF TERMS

Effect      A change which is a result or consequence of an action or other cause.

Family Background                The details of a person's family, education,             experience,      etc.   a      person's family/social/cultural/educational/class

Rate        A measure, quantity, or frequency, typically one measured against another quantity or measure.

Money Marriage      This is a situation whereby young girls due to their traditions are subjected to modern slavery all in the name of marriage in exchange for money.


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Paper Information

Format:ms word
Chapter:1-5
Pages:67
Attribute:Questionnaire, Data Analysis,abstract, table of content, references
Price:₦3,000
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