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DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF AN ELECTRONIC VOTING SYSTEM WITH FINGERPRINT AUTHENTICATION (A CASE STUDY OF FEDERAL UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY MINNA)

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 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 60 ::   Attributes: source code ::   211 people found this useful

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CHAPTER ONE

BACKGROUND OF STUDY

1.0       Background of the Study

Voting theory formally began in the 18th century and ever since, many proposal has been made towards using electronic technologies to improve elections (Sobia, Ummer, Ayesha, Usman, and Hassan, 2011).One of the essential features of democracy is Election, democracy encourages individual’s freedom with respect to the rule of law, so that individualscan express their opinionthe way theywish,giving individuals the opportunity to decide their leaders, and uninhibitedly express their feelings on issues. Because of theAll-inclusiveAffirmation of Human Rights in the year 1948 that puts import on compelling circumstance of free elections, countriesfocusedon an improved and new voting process that are of significance to the election processes in the 21st century (Salomonsen, 2005).

Election is the process that enablesindividuals to choose their delegatesand express their fellings on the way they will be administered (Kohno, Rubin, Stubblefield& Wallach, 2003), (Malkawi, Khasawneh& Al-Jarrah, 2009) and (Ashok&Ummal, 2011).

Nigerian election processhas been done manually (voting for local and general elections done by electors with ballot papers and ballot boxes in which the papers are placed) since returned to democratic rule in the year 1999, the manual voting process was associated with a lot of problems and alwaysresulted to post-election violence (Yekini, Oyeyinka, Oludipe&Lawal, 2012).

In Federal University of Technology, Minna, voting system is of two main categories, Manual Voting System (MVS) and Electronic Voting System (EVS).

The Manual Voting System (MVS) involves presenting eligible student with a list ofcontestants on a paper called ballot paper, to mark against their favorite contestants and place the ballot paper in a box called ballot box, this system of voting is used for Faculty and Department election processes in the University.Manual voting system has some disadvantages, which include possibility ofplacing the ballot paper in the wrong ballot box, votes counting problem, loss of time when there happens tobe some objections, paper printing and expendituresdone for personnel, for these reasons, it is necessary to use the newtechnologies to make the election system faster, economic and trustable because the trust that every vote will be tallied and recorded correctlyis the foundation of a genuine democracy(Ademand&Metin, 2011).

The Electronic Voting System (EVS) involves presenting eligible student with a list ofcontestants on a computer, to select against their favorite contestants, this system of voting is used for Student Union Government (SUG) election in the University.The improvement of information and communications technologies has allow for a completely computerised election process whereby counting of vote are carried out in real time, that the results are automatically out by the end of elections day(Rubin, 2002).

 

1.2       Statement of the problem

With advances in information and communication technology, issue of security has gone far beyond ordinary password usage. This project sought to describe the design and implementation of a fingerprint based electronic voting system,as an improved solution to the existing voting system in Federal University of Technology Minna. The existing system is however subjected to possible loss of password, printing of more than one password for a single voter, and unguaranteed voter’s presence at the point and time of election.Furthermore, the existing systemis used for Student Union Government (SUG) election, while manual voting system of ballot paper and ballot box is used for faculty and departmental elections.

 

1.3       Aim and Objectives of the Study

This project aimed at the development of a windows application for the design and implementation of an electronic voting system, with an embedded fingerprint, for user’s authentication to the system.

The following are the objectives of this study:

  1. To study the existing voting method use for election in the school.
  2. To design a robust and secured system of voting using fingerprint biometric recognition
  3. To implement electronic voting systemin major forms of student election (SUG, Faculty and Departmental) in the university.

 

  1. Significance of the Study

The significance of this project are toimprove confidentiality, integrity and voter’s identification in voting process, to reduce the time and stress of conducting manual election (Faculty and Departmental elections), and to provide equallevel of security at SUG, Faculty, and Departmental election

 

1.5       Scope of the Study

This project is purposely designed for student election in Federal University of technology, Minna, to overcome theproblem of illegal activities during election, by making sure only eligible voters have access to the system, immediatelyoutputting the results of the election, and ensuring that voters have trust in the process of election.However, this system can be extended to other electoral system with littleor no modifications.

 

1.6       Limitations of the Study

Despite all the significance of thisproject, it is also subjected to some limitations, which includes the fact that it’s a desktop application, it cannot be used for other election except campus election, and only a fingerprint reader from Digitalpersona Inc. can be used for the enrollment and verification of user to the system.

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Paper Information

Format:ms word
Chapter:1-5
Pages:60
Attribute:source code
Price:₦3,000
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