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Project Topic:

EFFECT OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY IN NIGERIA

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 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 56 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis,abstract, table of content, references ::   427 people found this useful

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CHAPTER ONE

  1. INTRODUCTION

1.1   BACKGROUND OF STUDY

The agricultural sector has a multiplier effect on any nation’s socio-economic and industrial fabric because of the multifunctional nature of the sector (Ogen 2007). It has the potential to be the industrial and economic springboard from which the country’s development can take off (Stewart 2000). This sector remains the main source of livelihood for most rural communities in developing countries in general.

In Africa, agriculture provides a source of employment for more than 60 per cent of the population and contributes about 30 per cent of Gross Domestic Product (Kandlinkar and Risbey 2000). Rain-fed farming dominates agricultural production in subSaharan Africa, covering around 97 per cent of total cropland and exposes agricultural production to high seasonal rainfall variability (Alvaro et al. 2009). In Nigeria, agriculture is the main source of food and employer of labour employing about 60-70 per cent of the population (Mayong et al. 2005). It is a significant sector of the economy and the source of raw materials used in the processing industries as well as a source of foreign exchange earnings for the country (Mohammed-Lawal and Atte 2006).

Since agriculture in Nigeria is mostly rain-fed, it follows therefore that any change in climate is bound to impact its productivity in particular and other socio-economic activities in the country. The impact could, however, be measured in terms of effects on crop growth, availability of soil water, soil erosion, incident of pest and diseases, sea level rises and decrease in soil fertility (Adejuwon 2004). The issue of climate change has become more threatening not only to the sustainable development of socio-economic and agricultural activities of any nation but to the totality of human existence (Adejuwon 2004).

As further explained by UNFCCC, the effect of climate change implies that the local climate variability which people have previously experienced and adapted to is changing and this change is observed in a relatively great speed. The threat that climate changes pose to agricultural production does not only cover the area of crop husbandry but also includes livestock and in fact the total agricultural sector. African farmers also depend on livestock for income, food and animal products Nin, Ehui, (Benin 2007). Climate can affect livestock both directly and indirectly (Adams et al. 2009; Manning and Nobrew 2001).

Direct effects of climate variables such as air, temperature, humidity, wind speed and other climate factors influence animal performance such as growth, milk production, wool production and reproduction. Climate can also affect the quantity and quality of feed stuffs such as pasture, forage, and grain and also the severity and distribution of livestock diseases and parasite (Niggol and Mendelsohn 2008). Hence the totality of agricultural sector is considered by examining agricultural productivity.

1.2   STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

        Climate change in the world is a natural thing and so no one can control the change of climate, though the change brings about certain inconveniencies on human beings, animals and plant as well; thereby affecting agricultural productivity in Nigeria. The challenge could be that the right crops are not being used at the right time in accordance with the climatic change of a particular country. Finally, the study will contribute to the body of existing literature and knowledge to this field of study and basis for further research.   

1.3   AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF STUDY

        The main aim of the study is to examine the effect climate change on agricultural productivity. Other specific objectives of the study include:

  1. to determine the extent to which climate change affect agricultural productivity in Nigeria.
  2. to determine factors affecting climate change in Nigeria.
  3. to determine the effect of climate change on agricultural productivity in Nigeria.
  4. to proffer possible solutions to the problems.

1.4   RESEARCH QUESTIONS               

  1. What is the extent to which climate change affect agricultural productivity in Nigeria?
  2. What are the factors affecting climate change in Nigeria?
  3. What is the effect of climate change on agricultural productivity in Nigeria?
  4. What are the possible solutions to the problems?

1.5   STATEMENT OF RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS

H0:    Climatic change has no significant effect on agricultural productivity in Nigeria.

H1:         Climatic change has a significant effect on agricultural productivity in Nigeria.

1.6   SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY

        The study on the effect of climate change on agricultural productivity will be of immense benefit to the entire agricultural sector in Nigeria in the sense that it will enable agricultural sector to understand the time and season of the country change in climate so as to enable them to make plantations of crops that will be favourable to the climate change. Finally, several researches have been carried out on the climate change but not even a single research has been carried out on the effect of climate change on agricultural productivity in Nigeria.

1.7   SCOPE OF STUDY

        The study on the effect of climatic change on agricultural productivity is limited to Nigeria.

1.8   LIMITATION OF STUDY

Financial constraint- Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).

Time constraint- The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.

1.9   DEFINITION OF TERMS

Effect      A change which is a result or consequence of an action or other cause.

Climate Change      May refer to a change in average weather conditions, or in the time variation of weather within the context of longer-term average conditions.

Agricultural Productivity      Is measured as the ratio of agricultural outputs to agricultural inputs.

 


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Paper Information

Format:ms word
Chapter:1-5
Pages:56
Attribute:Questionnaire, Data Analysis,abstract, table of content, references
Price:₦3,000
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