Our Archives

Call 08068929770 or 08122972656 for any enquiries.

Project Topic:

THE IMPACT OF INVENTORY MANAGEMENT AND CONTROL IN TOWER GALVANIZED PRODUCT LIMITED KADUNA

Project Information:

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 91 ::   Attributes: Data Analysis
::   156 people found this useful

Project Body:

ABSTRACT

This research work is an attempt to look into the impact of inventory management and control in manufacturing company. It was conducted using Tower Galvanized Products (GTP) Ltd Kaduna. The research work was carried out with the intention of examining the pit falls of manufacturing companies in carrying out necessary management and control of their inventories. For this purpose the study was divided into five chapters. Chapter one introduced the research topic, the objective of the study was also define which include to access and highlight the different methods of inventory, planning and reeducation and the most appropriate one. Chapter two was concerned with the review of related literature and points like objectives of inventory management which include to maintain minimum investment in inventories to maximize profitability were discussed. Chapter three dealt with the methodology used in collecting data. In this chapter the random sampling technique was adopted and questionnaire were used to collect the data. Chapter four has to do with the analysis of the various data collected using the mean. In chapter five, summary of the research work was don and conclusion were drawn to give recommendations in that a manufacturing companies with a view to profit maximization and cost reduction should adopt and maintain an effective inventory management and control system

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page                                                                                 i      

Declaration page                                                              ii

Approval page                                                                  iii

Dedication                                                                       iv    

Acknowledgement                                                            v

Abstract                                                                           vii

Table of contents                                                             viii

 

CHAPTER ONE

Introduction

1.1   Background of Study                                               1     

1.2   Statement of the Problem                                                4

1.3   Objective of the Study                                              6     

1.4   Significance of Study                                               7     

1.5   Research Questions                                                 8

1.6   Scope of the Study                                                   8

1.7   Limitation of the Study                                            9

1.8   Definition of terms                                                   9

 

 

CHAPTER TWO

Literature Review                                                          

2.1   Introduction                                                             11

2.2   The Concept of Inventory Management                    12

2.3   The Nature of Inventory                                           14

2.4   Motive for Holding Inventory                                    16

2.5   Objective of Inventory Management                         20

2.6   Techniques of inventory Management and Control 22

2.7   Economic Order Quantity Model                              23   

2.8   Inventory Records                                                    31

2.9   Inventory Valuation Methods                                   35

2.10 Inventory Ordering System                                      38

2.11 The Impact of Computer Application on Inventory      Management and control                                                     41

 

CHAPTER THREE

Research methodology

3.1   Introduction                                                             44

3.2   Research Design                                                      44

3.3   Area of Study                                                           45

3.4   Population of the Study                                           45

3.5   Sample                                                                    45

3.6   Instrument for Data Collection                                        46

3.7   Validity of the Instrument                                                47

3.8   Reliability of the Instrument                                    47

3.9   Methods of Data Collection                                      48

3.10 Methods of Data Analysis                                                48  

 

CHAPTER FOUR

Data Presentation and Analysis   

  1. Introduction                                                             50
  2. Characteristics of respondents                                        50
  3. Presentation of Data and Analysis in Tables            54
  4. Summary of findings                                               61
  5. Discussion of Findings.                                           63

 

CHAPTER FIVE

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations            

5.1   Summary                                                                         66

5.2   Conclusion                                                              67   

5.3   Recommendations                                                   69

        Bibliography                                                            72

Appendixes                     

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1   BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

        Inventories constitute the most significant part of current events of a large majority of companies in Nigeria and indeed many other part of the world. Because of the large size of inventories maintained by firms, a considerable amount of fund is required to be committed to them. Therefore, the efficient and effective management of inventories becomes imperative in order to achieved unnecessary turnover or to minimized the cost associated with keeping inventories. The neglect of inventory management and control by a firm will amount to jeopardizing its long run profitability and may even cause the firm to fail ultimately.

 

Inventory is defined as the stock of any item or material used in an organization. Therefore, an inventory management is the set of policies and control that monitor levels of inventory and determines the following:-

 

i.      What level should be maintain

ii.     When stock should be replenished.

iii.    How large order should be

 

However, inventory can include input such as human resources, financial, equipment e.t.c and output such as parts or component.

 

It is possible for a company to reduce its level of inventories to a considerable degree without any adverse effect on production and sales by using inventory planning and control techniques.

 

The reduction in excessive inventory carries a favourable impact on company profitability (Pandey 1999) in doing this however, care should be taken to avoid under stocking which directly affect production causing stoppage, loss of sales, loss of good will. etc.

       

 

Inventory forms a link between production and sales of a product. A manufacturing company must maintain a certain level of inventory in the form of raw materials, work in progress and finished goods. Raw materials inventory gives the firm flexibility in its purchase, without it, a manufacturing company must exist on a hand-to- moth basis buying raw materials in keeping with its production schedule. Work-in- progress are items of stock that are subjected to further processing to produced the finished product. finished goods inventory allows the firm flexibility in its production scheduling and in its marketing thus there is on incentive to maintain large stocks of all three types of inventory.

 

In an inflationary environment like Nigeria, there is the need to adopt a realistic inventory valuation method in order to give correct value of inventory in the profit and loss account and in the balance sheet which would have otherwise show an appropriate financial position of the organization and thus negating the purpose of accounting which is the provision of accurate financial information to investors, shareholders, management, government and her agencies and other related interested parties in order to assist them in taking decision about the organization.

 

It is in view of this that the need arises for an appropriate management and control measure to maintain the most accurate level of stock that will assist management of the organization carryout business in such a way that it does

 not portray the organization in bad shape.

 

1.2   STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

The wide distance between the source of raw material and factories in Nigeria today has posed a great problem to management. Thus the management may not predict with certainty to delivery date of materials. How then does the management ensure that there is no hitch and delay in the supply of raw material to satisfy their day to day requirements without necessarily keeping excessive stock of raw materials and finished goods which represent investment from which no return is expected immediately.

 

In line with this, the major problem face by management is the determination of what stock to be kept, when to reorder, of what cost to reorder, what the production level should be, how work in process and stages involved should be controlled, movement of finish goods from point of production into the market. The disadvantages associated with huge investment in inventory (tying down of capital, increase in holding/carrying cost etc) act as a detriment in management in committing huge sum of funds in inventory. Conversely making little investment will be disastrous as it will lead to frequent stock out and consequent disruption of production system and incurring additional cost resulting from frequent ordering.

 

Since no company especially a manufacturing company can operate without keeping stock, it is necessary to check the occurrence of pilferage depletion, damages, breakages, obsolescence etc. among other things.

 

1.3   OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY

The primary objective of this research work is to consider inventory control system as described and discussed by different authors. This will be taken as a standard against which the inventory system of the company under study will be appraised to determine its efficiency and suitability in the peculiar environment it operates.

The objectives of this study includes:  

 

  1. To determine an optimum level of inventory to be maintain by the company under study.
  2. To assess and highlight the different methods of inventory planning, control and valuation and the most appropriate one for a manufacturing company.
  3. To highlight the need for and nature of inventory.
  4. To make viable recommendations on the basis of the out come of the research.
  5. Effect on delivery date with certainty.

 

1.4   SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The significance of a proper and efficient inventory control and management cannot be over emphasized. Its effect is not only on the individual company but on the economy as a whole.

 

This study is meant to find solutions to the itching problems of Tower Galvanized Products (TGP) Nigeria limited Kaduna in inventory management and control.

The study will also be of immense benefit to the owners and management of the company under study, their creditors and prospective shareholders who might  wish to invest in the company. This is so because managing inventories efficiently and effectively will help the company to avoid unnecessary investment. It helps the management in quick and accurate decision making. It will also help to build-up the goodwill of the current asset of many companies.

 

Finally, the knowledge required from this study will broaden the existing knowledge in this field and aid researcher in applying it to other companies or organizations.

 

1.5   RESEARCH QUESTION

With reference to the statement of the problem highlighted above and considering the scope and limitations of this study the following research questions are formulated.

 

1.     How does the company determine the optimal level of stock to be maintain?

2.     How appropriate is the valuation method given the present inflationary situation?

3.     What determine the level of control to be maintain on various types of stock?

4.     What practical problems are in the ways of progress of inventory management and control in the area under study?

5.     How does the effect of large investment inventory affect the management (holding cost).

 

1.6   SCOPE OF THE STUDY

This research work is focused on inventory management and control in Tower Galvanize Product (TGP) Nigeria

limited, Kaduna during the year 2001-2006 as it affects the full implementation of the basic concepts of inventory management. Associated issues like inventory procurements, storage and physical distribution policy of the company will also be examined.

 

1.7   LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY

1.     Lack of corporation from subjects leading to the use of smaller than the anticipated number this can affect the quality and the generalization of the findings.

2.     Inability to use correct data gathering instrument due to ignorance about their availability

        3.     Low return rate of questionnaires

4.     Using less then fair representative sample due to inability to research subjects.

 

1.8   DEFINITION OF TERMS

-       Inventory: This is the list of items held in stock by a company at any particular time.

-       Stock: This consists of all goods and materials stored by an organization. It is a supply of items which are kept for future used.

 

NB for the purpose of this research work, stock and inventory are sometimes used interchangeably

-       Lead time: This is also known as reorder period or delivery. It is the period of time between ordering and reception of goods ordered for.

-       Re-order level: This is the point at which it is necessary to initiate purchase requisition for new supply of materials.

-       Minimum stock level: This is the level below which stocks should not normally be allowed to fall. It can be said to be buffer or safety stock which makes allowances to cover for error in forecasting the lead time or the demand during the lead time.

-       Maximum stock level: This is the level above which stock should not normally be allowed to rise.

Project Department:

MORE BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION FREE UNDERGRADUATE PROJECT TOPICS AND RESEARCH MATERIALS


Get The Complete Project »

Instantly Share this Project On Social Media:

CLOSELY RELATED BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION FREE UNDERGRADUATE PROJECT TOPICS AND RESEARCH MATERIALS

A CRITICAL STUDY ON THE EFFECTS OF JOB STRESS ON THE PERFORMANCE OF BANKERS IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF UNION BANK, CALABAR)

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 80 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis,Abstract  ::   517 engagements

ABSTRACT The study investigated and evaluated job stress and its effects on job performance among members of staff at Union Bank. The study sought to find out how work-related stress could affect the...Continue reading »

A STUDY ON THE IMPACT OF EMPLOYEE GRIEVANCES AND THE PERFORMANCE OF AN ORGANIZATION (A CASE STUDY OF NIGERIA BOTTLING COMPANY, LAGOS STATE)

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 80 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis,Abstract  ::   319 engagements

ABSTRACT Maintaining good employee-employer relationship is one criteria for an organization to succeed. If employees are not happy with management and their fellow colleagues at workplace, organizat...Continue reading »

AN APPRAISAL OF MATERIAL MANAGEMENT CONCEPT AS A STRATEGY FOR ACHIEVING HIGHER PRODUCTIVITY IN NIGERIAN BOTTLING COMPANY

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 78 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis,Abstract

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of the Study The Need for Appraisal of Material Management Concepts as a strategy for achieving higher productivity and to make up with the growing complexi...Continue reading »

ANALYZING PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL TECHNIQUES IN UNION BANK NIG PLC

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 71 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis,Abstract

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY In any evaluation of the condition necessary for the growth and survival of an organization, the role of performance appraisal is a strategic f...Continue reading »

ASSESSING BOOK-KEEPING PRACTICES OF SMALL AND MEDIUM SCALE ENTERPRISES IN OGOJA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 67 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis,Abstract  ::   236 engagements

ABSTRACT Nigeria’s economy is characterized by a large number of micro enterprises, and in between lie small and medium enterprises (SMEs). The unique feature of most SMEs is that, they can be e...Continue reading »

ASSESSING THE EFFECT OF MATERIAL HANDLING ON THE PROFITABILITY OF A MANUFACTURING COMPANY

 Format: MS WORD ::   Chapters: 1-5 ::   Pages: 74 ::   Attributes: Questionnaire, Data Analysis,Abstract  ::   288 engagements

CHAPTER ONE 1.1. Background of the Study Material Management, as practiced in business today, can be defined as “a confederacy of traditional material activities bound by a common idea. The id...Continue reading »

What are you looking for today?

TESTIMONIALS:

  • 1. Rita Eze from abia state university said "thank you so much for your sincerity; i will tell my friends about you guys.".
    Rating: Very Good
  • 2. JULIET from UNIMAID said "I THANK YOU GUYS FOR BEING HONEST.....I WILL TELL MY FRIENDS ABOUT YOU GUYS. THANKX SO MUCH".
    Rating: Excellent
  • 3. Lilian Terdoo from BSU said "i have nothing to say but thanx for being honest. i appreciate u guys...".
    Rating: Very Good
  • 4. Demien Johnson from UNN said "Uniprojectmaterials is a blessing to researchers. my job was eased up by you guys. your jobs have good quality and was delivered on time to me. Thanks a million times".
    Rating: Very Good
  • 5. Patience from unilag said "i was having difficulties handling my dissertation of 12000 words. until i stumbled on uniprojectmaterials, my work was ready in three days with high quality write up and excellent data analysis, i will tell all my friends about u guys. Mr Donald is a very nice person, he should be in charge of the phone. he attended to me very well. God bless. ".
    Rating: Excellent
  • 6. James Ike from College of Education, Gindiri said "Great delivery. Una dey try wella!!!".
    Rating: Excellent

Paper Information

Format:ms word
Chapter:1-5
Pages:91
Attribute:Data Analysis
Price:₦3,000
Get The Complete Project »

Best Selling Projects

Our Archives